VILLADIEGO, town in N. Spain, west of burgos . It is not known when Jews first settled there, but as early as 1222 Ferdinand III extended his protection to 20 Jewish families who went to stay in Burgos. He granted them the same rights as were generally enjoyed by the Jews in Castile. Important evidence, possibly the oldest of its kind in Castile, indicates that in 1240 Ferdinand ordered the community of Villadiego to pay 30 denarii yearly for the benefit of the cathedral of Burgos. In 1290 there were 20 Jewish families in Villadiego, who lived in a separate quarter close to the city walls. In the war between the brothers Pedro and Henry (1366–69), the community was destroyed by English soldiers serving under Pedro. It recovered around 1390, when it again numbered 20 Jewish families. During the 15th century some Jews of Villadiego served as tax farmers. In 1485 the community, then one of the smallest in northern Castile, contributed a special impost of 23 castellanos toward the war against Granada. In 1491 it paid an annual tax of 6,020 maravedis. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Baer, Spain, index; Baer, Urkunden, 2 (1936), index; F. Cantera y Burgos, in: Sefarad, 2 (1942), 363; A.I. Laredo, ibid., 5 (1945), 431; Suárez Fernández, Documentos, 25, 72, 76; P. León Tello, Los judíos de Palencia (1967), documents 41, 45, 110, 255. (Haim Beinart)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Villadiego — ► locución verbo Indica desaparecer de modo repentino por huir de algún peligro o compromiso no deseado en la expresión coger o tomar las de Villadiego. * * * Villadiego Coger [o tomar] las de Villadiego. Por alusión a las alforjas que se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Villadiego — Infobox City official name = Villadiego, Spain | nickname = | | image | | map caption = | subdivision type = Country | subdivision name = Spain | subdivision type1 = Autonomous community | subdivision name1 = Castile and León | subdivision type2 …   Wikipedia

  • villadiego — {{#}}{{LM V39948}}{{〓}} {{[}}villadiego{{]}} ‹vi·lla·die·go› ► {{{}}{coger/tomar} las de Villadiego{{}}} {{《}}▍ loc.verb.{{》}} {{※}}col.{{¤}} Marcharse o ausentarse inesperadamente, generalmente para huir de un riesgo o de un compromiso …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • Villadiego — Original name in latin Villadiego Name in other language Vil jad ego, Vil jadiego, bi li ya die ge, fyladyyghw, Вильядьего, Вільядієго State code ES Continent/City Europe/Madrid longitude 42.51589 latitude 4.00958 altitude 841 Population 1907… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Villadiego — Sp Viljadiègas Ap Villadiego L Š Ispanija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Villadiego (Burgos) — Villadiego Villadiego Données générales Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Villadiego, tomar las de — ► figurado Ausentarse inesperadamente; esp., huir de un riesgo o compromiso …   Enciclopedia Universal

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